The history of the manga began in the 19th century. The common misconception made by Westerners is that the term ‘manga’ only refers to anime and animated projects. Even though this is true to a certain extent, the word manga itself actually means ‘comics’.
The first manga appeared at the beginning of the 19th century – in 1814. This is called Hususai Manga, and consists of a series of sketchbooks by a Japanese artist named Hokusai. Every sketch in Hokusai manga is based on various topics including gods, monsters, mountains, flowers, and birds – sketches are loose if not related to each other.
It is important to remember that at that stage, the pictures in Hokusai Manga did not represent the manga we saw today. The hokusai manga style is sketching, and not until later, when the influence of the Western world establishes, that we began to see the drawing style we saw in the manga today. This โดจิน is known as Ponchi-e – When Japanese artists begin to concentrate effectively using thick lines, colors, and shapes. The Ponchi-E era also depends on animated films, and in the 20th century we see the emergence of the first manga animation – today commonly known as ‘anime’.
Animation quickly became very popular in Japan because the entertainment industry was ‘direct action’ that developed at that time. The 1980s saw boom in the production of anime, as the mainstream of Japan began to accept it easier. In the influence of Japanese anime in the 1990s and 2000s spread abroad, and at this time there was an anime series’ which was broadcast almost on a global scale. Examples are Naga Z anime balls that have been popular, which are broadcast throughout America, Canada, Australia, South Africa and Europe.
Today, we see Western countries like America became increasingly possible in the style of Jap-anime images. It is safe whether it is to assume that anime will live, and background and history, anime and manga will spread and diversify because of exposure from Western culture, and more advanced animation technology that we have today.